Advanced Placement (AP) classes are designed to offer college-level coursework and college credit to high school students. They help students prepare for the rigor of college, and performing well in AP classes makes your college applications more competitive. There are currently 38 AP courses, and one of them is AP Statistics.
If you’re considering taking AP Statistics, you may be wondering: Is AP Statistics hard? In this post, we’ll tell you everything you need to know about the course and its difficulty level, so you can decide if AP Statistics is right for you.
About AP Statistics
In AP Statistics, students learn about collecting and analyzing data. You’ll learn data collection methods, how to describe relationships and trends in data, and how to use probability and simulation. You’ll also work on forming conclusions from data and supporting your claims and conclusions mathematically.
According to The College Board, the “Big Ideas” of the course are variation and distribution; patterns and uncertainty; and data-based predictions, discussions, and conclusions. The College Board recommends that students take a second-year algebra course before attempting AP Statistics.
AP Statistics is commonly divided into nine units, although the order of the units may vary. The units are listed below, along with their weight on the multiple-choice portion of the AP Statistics exam:
- Exploring One-Variable Data (15-23%)
- Exploring Two-Variable Data (5-7%)
- Collecting Data (12-15%)
- Probability, Random Variables, and Probability Distributions (10-20%)
- Sampling Distributions (7-12%)
- Inference for Categorical Data: Proportions (12-15%)
- Inference for Quantitative Data: Means (10-18%)
- Inference for Categorical Data: Chi-Square (2-5%)
- Inference for Quantitative Data: Slopes (2-5%)
So, Is AP Statistics Hard?
The question, “Is AP Statistics hard?” is a subjective one. Like all AP courses, the class is meant to be challenging. But it will be more difficult for some students than for others.
Statistics is different from most math classes. Rather than solving equations every day, you’ll focus more on comprehending and analyzing data. For many students, these concepts are easier to understand than algebraic or geometric math. Others may prefer more traditional math content.
In addition, statistics generally requires more memorization than other math classes. However, it is less memorization-heavy than many other AP courses.
Now, let’s look at a few other factors that will help you determine whether AP Statistics is hard.
AP Statistics Pass Rate
Every AP course concludes with an AP exam. The exam determines if you’ll receive college credit for the course, and how much credit you’ll get. You’ll earn an AP exam score ranging from 1 (the lowest) to 5 (the highest). You must score at least a 3 to pass the AP exam, but some colleges only give credit for scores of 4 or 5.
To objectively analyze the difficulty of AP Statistics, let’s consider the exam pass rate. In 2021, 57.9% of students who took the AP Statistics exam passed it. The average exam score is 2.85, below passing. Here’s a more in-depth score breakdown:
- 5: 16.2%
- 4: 19.9%
- 3: 21.8%
- 2: 17.2%
- 1: 24.9%
In comparison to other AP exams, the AP Statistics exam pass rate is below average. Most exams have higher pass rates, although about 15 AP exams have lower pass rates.
For example, Calculus BC has a significantly higher 76% pass rate. But Calculus AB has a lower pass rate (51%), and so do Chemistry (51%) and Physics 1 (42%). English Literature and Composition (44%) and United States History (47%) are lower too.
Of course, exam pass rates don’t necessarily mean that the class itself is hard. Sometimes easier classes have lower pass rates because they attract less motivated students who don’t take studying seriously. Easier classes may also prompt students to study less or assume the exam will be easy, resulting in lower exam scores. By contrast, some AP exams have high pass rates because the classes themselves are hard and attract only the most motivated students.
The AP Statistics pass rate doesn’t tell you a lot about the difficulty of the course itself. But it does tell you that the exam is challenging for many students. To pass, you’ll need to work diligently and study the course material thoroughly.
What Students Say About AP Statistics
Another way to analyze the difficulty of AP Statistics is to see what other students are saying. You can check out message boards like College Confidential or even Reddit to get a feel for student opinions on the course.
Currently, most students say that the course itself is not especially difficult. The concepts and workload are manageable. Many students find the concepts easier to understand than in other math courses, like calculus. On the other hand, some students who performed well in more traditional math classes found AP Statistics difficult.
Some students said that their peers who failed the exam didn’t take the class seriously or were just looking for an easier alternative to other AP math courses.
Ultimately, most students agree that AP Statistics has an average difficulty level for an AP course. Like any AP class, you must put in the work to succeed. Pay attention in class, take notes, and review your notes weekly. Study throughout the course, and then ramp up your studying as the exam date approaches. If you’re diligent and willing to work hard, both the course and the exam shouldn’t be overly difficult.
Will AP Statistics Be Hard for You?
Of course, every student is different, and so is every school. So, how can you determine whether AP Statistics will be hard for you, specifically?
Consider Your Skills
First, think about your mathematical skills, especially when it comes to working with data.
How have you performed in your other high school math classes overall? If you struggled to keep up, AP Statistics might not be the right choice for you. However, if you enjoy math and have excelled in your other classes, you might find AP Statistics easier than many of your classmates will.
But keep in mind that AP Statistics is different than most other math classes. It’s rooted more in real-world data than in algebra, calculus, or geometry. Do you prefer abstract concepts, or do you like working with more concrete mathematics? Consider trying a few AP Statistics sample questions to get a good idea of what the course is like.
Ask Students at Your School
Message boards offer insight into the opinions of students from all over the country. But if you want to know what AP Statistics is like at your school, you’ll have to ask students who have taken the same class you’re thinking about taking.
Ask several people what they thought about the teacher, the class, and the exam. How was the workload? Was the class itself challenging? Was the exam hard? Would they recommend the class?
You can also talk to adults at your school. Ask your current math teacher if he or she thinks AP Statistics is right for you. Do they think you’ll be able to excel in the course? If possible, talk to the AP Statistics teacher about the workload and how well students typically do in the class and on the test. Your guidance counselor may also be able to answer most of these questions if you can’t talk to the teacher, aren’t comfortable doing so, or want a second opinion.
Consider Your Schedule and Workload
Finally, you should think about the rest of your schedule and your current workload. How many other AP classes are you planning to take? Are any of your other AP courses math-based? If so, you might find the workload difficult to manage, and you may burn out from juggling too much math.
What about extracurricular activities? Are you involved in a lot of clubs, sports, or other activities? Do you have a job? If you can barely fit studying into your schedule, AP Statistics will be a lot more difficult. But if you have plenty of time to review the book and your notes, you may find it much easier to thrive in the course.
Of course, having a busy schedule doesn’t mean you absolutely can’t take AP Statistics. Still, it’s important to think about how you’ll manage your time so you can keep up with the material and study enough to succeed.
What Is the AP Statistics Exam Like?
The AP Statistics exam is a three-hour test that measures your understanding of the material covered in the course. It consists of two sections, and each section is worth 50% of your score.
The first section is a 40-question multiple-choice test. You have an hour and 30 minutes to answer all 40 questions, which include knowledge and skills from all nine AP Statistics units. Some of the questions are individual, while others are part of a set based on a shared prompt.
The second and final section includes six free-response questions. Again, you have an hour and 30 minutes to complete all questions. You’ll write out your answers to five questions and one “investigative task.” The goal is to show your ability to justify and explain your conclusions with data-based evidence and analysis.
The free-response section is divided into two parts.
- 1 multipart question focused on collecting data
- 1 multipart question focused on exploring data
- 1 multipart question focused on probability and sampling distributions
- 1 question focused on inference
- 1 question combining two or more skill categories
1 investigative task that asks you to apply your statistical skills in a new context or a unique way, using multiple skill categories and content areas
After the exam, the multiple-choice section is scored by a computer. The free-response section is scored by college professors and experienced AP teachers. The total scores from each section are combined to form a composite score, which is then converted into the 5-point scale. You’ll receive your final score, and so will any colleges that you designated as score recipients when you took the exam.
Final Thoughts: Is AP Statistics Hard?
AP Statistics focuses on your ability to understand and analyze data, draw conclusions, and support your conclusions with mathematical evidence. You’ll explore concepts like data collection, probability, variables, sampling distribution, and more. Statistics problems use real-world scenarios and data, rather than the more abstract concepts you might find in geometry, algebra, or calculus.
But is AP Statistics hard? The truth is that all AP courses are challenging. They’re designed to stretch your abilities and determine whether you’re ready for college-level coursework.
Like any AP course, excelling in AP Statistics will require a lot of studying and hard work. If you find yourself struggling with some of the concepts, it’s essential to talk to your teacher, strong students in the class, or a tutor to get back on track.
Overall, however, most students agree that AP Statistics has an average difficulty level for an AP class. But the AP Statistics exam has a lower-than-average pass rate. This means that even if you find the class easy, it’s important to take the exam seriously and study thoroughly—and well in advance.
Talk to students at your school, try a few sample questions, and think about your mathematical skills and your current workload. Then, decide whether AP Statistics is right for you. If you’re willing to work hard, you can excel in AP Statistics!